Oracle’s Deferred Segment Allocation Breaks Transportable Tablespace Imports.

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In order to downgrade an Enterprise Edition database to Standard Edition, I had to use a Transportable Tablespace export/import. Because the default setting for DEFERRED_SEGMENT_CREATION is TRUE, the tablespace import barfed with numerous “IMP-00017: following statements failed with ORACLE error 1647:” errors. Want to know why?

The ORA-01649 error is “Tablespace is read only, cannnot allocate space in it” which is interesting as I’m imprting a Transportable Tablespace dump file and all the tablespaces are read only after being created, until I manually make then read write.

In the source database, the “broken” tables all have zero rows in them, and have no entry in DBA_SEGMENTS which means that the Deferred Segment Allocation feature has indeed done its stuff, and deferred allocating a segment until the first row of data is entered (but not necessarily committed!) into the table.

Note. The DEFERRED_SEGMENT_CREATION is also defaulted to TRUE in Standard Edition databases, but the parameter has no effect in these, as the following shows:

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Release - 64bit Production

SQL> show parameter deferred_seg

NAME                       TYPE     VALUE
-------------------------- -------- -------------
deferred_segment_creation  boolean  TRUE

SQL> create table test(a number);
Table created.

SQL> select table_name, segment_created
  2  from user_tables
  3  where table_name = 'TEST';

TABLE_NAME           SEG
-------------------- ---
TEST                 YES

So, even with an empty table, in Standard Edition, the deferred segment allocation does not take place. This is exactly why I’m having problems running a transportable tablespace import from an Enterprise Edition database to a Standard Edition one. It seems that Standard expects everything to have at least one allocated segment.

If the importing database is Enterprise Edition, this problem doesn’t occur.

The quick workaround is to run a table based export, using exp or expdp, of the affected tables, and import that at the receiving database using imp or impdp.

The longer term workaround is to make sure that DEFERRED_SEGMENT_CREATION is set to FALSE in the spfile.

In the meantime, I’m logging a bug with Oracle as the DBMS_TTS.TRANSPORT_SET_CHECK procedure should identify these tables and warn about them, or, the import should correctly import them anyway.

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